11/10/05 12:22 pm
Nov. 8, 2005
Latin American Nations
In the book The Underdogs, the author, Mariano Azuela gives small glimpses into La Revolucion, The Mexican Revolution. The glimpses into the war are told through the experiences of a poor Indian farmer, who joins the revolution out of necessity to save his life and the lives of his wife and child. Through this novel Azuela shows how war affects society and people.
La Revolucion started after Profirio Diaz was taken from office. The People, the peons, who had been oppressed rebelled against the landowners and banded together in an effort to bring about change. Demetrio Macias was one of the Indian farmers who rebelled against authority, although, his plan was not to become a revolutionary. He simple stood up for himself and for that his life was threatened.
The altercation that spurred Demetrio's life onto the path of a revolutionary occurred in a saloon. While having a drink in the company of his fellow farmers, the police walked into the saloon and proceeded to harass Demetrio and the other farmers. Demetrio responded by spitting on the police chief's beard. Weapons were drawn but both men remained alive. Later however, Monico, the police chief, sent for the Federal troops to come and arrest Demetrio on a claim that he would turn into a rebel. Friends of Demetrio warned him of what would take place and he was able to escape. Since leaving his hometown of Limon, Demetrio has been accompanied by friends and fellow Indians who fight for the cause of the Revolution. Demetrio did not want to part of the revolution. He only wished to return home and attend to his field.
Along their journey from town to town fighting Federals, Demetrio and his band of men, happened upon Luis Cervantes, a deserter of the Federal Army. Luis Cervantes was a medical student and a journalist. He was drafted into the army and during his time as a soldier, he came to the realization that he was fighting for the wrong side. Cervantes was treated poorly and the pay was meager. The stories the other soldiers in his unit told of the welfare of the rebel army, was very appealing to Cervantes. These stories were of the wealth and magnificence of the rebel army. The stories as Cervantes learned first hand were just stories, for the rebel men were in worse shape than the Federal Army.
After deserting the Federal army Luis Cervantes’s first meeting with Demetrio Macias would be as a captured prisoner. He was not killed on sight as this would have been typically upon finding a spy around camp, but he was brought before Demetrio and permitted to live until morning. Cervantes would be questioned in the morning by Demetrio and his men concerning his unexpected arrival in their camp that night. In the out come of the questioning Cervantes was permitted to live and allowed to go where he pleased. Cervantes decided to remain with the rebel camp.
Demetrio and his men were in a battle with Federal troops early the previous day and in the rebel’s victory, Demetrio was wounded. One of Demetrio’s men treated the wound and also a medicine woman of the village in which they were camped. However, Demetrio’s wound did not seem to be much improved. In a last effort to achieve peace from his aching wound, Demetrio called for Cervantes, who had treated a gash in his leg several days ago and was now walking unhindered.
Luis Cervantes cleaned the wound with boiled water and applied fresh bandages to the wound. Demetrio soon recovered and was very grateful to Cervantes. As they began to spend more time with one another, Luis proposed his idea on the revolution to Demetrio. Luis believed that the revolutionaries would win the war but little would change for peons. Cervantes recited Madero as evidence to his claim, which stated that the rebels have risked their lives and may have left their wives and children destitute, but he now has what he wanted; to be president of the Republic. He also stated that the rebels could go back home to their hand-to-mouth existence and go hungry and naked as before. While they, the superiors would go about piling up a few million pesos (51).
And so Cervantes persuaded Demetrio
~Acts 2: 2-39~
~Romans 8: 13-18~